Script/Outline: How to Track and Stalk an Animal

Benefits of Tracking an Animal
Where do you find tracks
What kind of animals/birds are most common in your area
What types of things can you learn from tracking
The direction of the animal
What the animal might be thinking or feeling
How fast it was moving
How to dress when you are tracking
Where to find clear tracks
Tools to track
Magnifying Glass
Journaling – Always have a pen/pencil and paper
Ruler or Coin for Scale
Side Benefit: Learning how to be more observant
Recognizing the Prints
Fore Print
Hind Print
The size of the Print
Claw length and shape
Track width and straddle
How to categorize an animal by how they move
Animals that Hop – like rabbits
Animals that walk or trot – like a dog or cat
Animals that waddle – like bears
Animals that bound – like weasels
Each animal leaves a different track
Understanding Gaits
What is a gait
Gait will tell you what they were doing
Other things to watch for

Script/Outline: How to Plan a Fun, Inexpensive Weekend Getaway

Benefits of a quick weekend getaway
Who is going - family, friends, etc.
How much will it cost -
Pros and cons of a larger group of people going
Pros and cons of just a few people going
Types of places you can go
Where you go to get ideas
How to decide what to do once you are there
Build your people resources - network w/ others. Find out where they've been
Internet - do Google search
How to "cluster" activities to save more money
Putting together an itinerary for your trip
Setting a budget that works for you
Expect the unexpected
What to bring on your trip
How to enjoy the trip, not just stress out
How to have the vacation start when you get in your car
How to pack and load the car the day before you leave
Road trips - don't go too far
How old your passengers are will determine a lot about what you do
Structured activities vrs non-structured
Going at Peak season vrs non-peak season
Making Reservations
Travel journal
Create memories with a camera
Look for Places that are Off the Beaten Path
Resources on the web: http://www.momsminivan.com/, http://travelforkids.com/
For ideas: Guidebooks and Magazines
Structured and non-structured time
Book: "Family Vacations Made Simple" by Sumner
Reservations - pros and cons
Holiday Vacations - pros and cons
Peak season vrs. non peak season
Enjoying the Journey
Anticipating the Trip is sometimes more fun that the trip itself
Road Trips - don't have to go so far. Plan to stop often
Children - packing an activity carry bag
Learning about where you'll go
Having a positive attitude - essential
Develop a spirit of adventure
Being Flexible - essential
Patience - essential
Planning - essential
Road trip Trivia Books
Relaxing on your trip - Try not to do and see everything
Make a scrapbook -collect photos and brochures,write down stories,your feelings, etc


Script/Outline: How to Survive an Earthquake

1. Why you should be prepared for an earthquake
2. How you can prepare before an earthquake ever comes
3. Most common things we’ve been taught to do in the past regarding Earthquake safety: Duck and Cover
4. Duck and Cover doesn’t work
5. Triangle of Life does work
6. What is the Triangle of Life? What happens when a building collapses – the weight of the ceilings falling on objects or furniture inside crushes these objects LEAVING A SPACE or VOID next to them.
7. Hiding under a desk or table – WRONG
8. Lying down NEXT to their desks in the aisles
9. Hiding UNDER something is deadly
10. Will this help anyone – large or small, big or little?
11. What about compacting Objects: the less the object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probablility that the person using this void for safety will not be injured.
12. The next time you watch collapsed buildings on TV, count the Triangles you see formed. They are everywhere.
13. Triangle is the MOST common shape in a collapsed building.
14. People who simply DUCK AND COVER when buildings collapse are crushed to death.
15. People who get under objects, like desks or cars, are crushed.
16. Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct.
17. You can survive in a smaller void. Get NEXT to an object, NEXT to a sofa, NEXT to a large bulky oject that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.
18. Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake.
19. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created.
20. Wood buildings have less concentr4ated crushing wieght.
21. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will casue many injuries but less squashed bodyies.
22. Concrete slabs are the worst.
23. If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed.
24. Hotels could save more people by posting this info on the back of the door.
25. If you can’t get out of a door or window, lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa or large chair.
26. What about doorways? Stay away from them
27. What about stairs? Stay away from them.
28. Is closer to the Interior of a building better or worse than the outer walls of a building.
29. Escape routes are MORE blocked the further into the interior of a building
30. Try to get closer to the outer edge of the building if you can’t get outside.
31. What about hiding in a vehicle
32. Sit or lie next to your vehicle.
33. Surprising things that don’t compact – while crawling inside of a collapsed newspaper office and other offices with a lot of paper, PAPER does not compact! Large voids are found surround stacks of paper.

Script/Outline: How to Geo Cache

What is G C
What is a cache
What does Geo Cache mean
How long has it been around
Can anyone do G C
Where is the best to G C
How to find a G C
How to place a G C
How to do urban G C
How to do nighttime GC
Dangers and things to be aware of
What kind of GPS is a good one to buy
Where do you buy a GPS
What brands do you recommend
What tools/equipment do you need G C
GPS – what is
GPS – how much they cost
Small Types of Treasures
Larger Types of Treasures
What are the benefits of G C
What are G C made out
How do you find a G C
How do you protect the environment while G C
What kind of places can you hide things
How old do you have to be
Do you have to be in good physical condition to do this
How long does it take to find a G C
Do you have to be high tech minded to do this
How long does it take to be successful – learning curve
Is it expensive to do this

Script/Outline: How to do Dutch Oven Cooking

What is a Dutch Oven
Cooking indoors
Cooking outdoors
How long has it been around
Can anyone do Dutch Oven Cooking
Where is it best to do Dutch Oven
What kind of Dutch Oven is a good one to buy
Where do you buy a Dutch Oven
What brands do you recommend.
What tools/equipment do you need
Dutch Oven Table
How big are they are how many dutch ovens can they hold
Brickettes – what kind, how to heat them
What are the benefits of D O Cooking
What are D O’s made of and how heavy are they
How do you heat a Dutch Oven
How do you clean a Dutch Oven
How do you store a Dutch Oven
What kind of foods can you cook in a Dutch Oven
How long does it take to cook food
Using the lid to cook on
Favorite Bread Recipes
Favorite Main Dishes
Favorite Desserts
What should you cook if you don’t have much time

Script/Outline: How to Ski and How to Enjoy Spring Skiing

Healing benefits of Skiing – emotionally, mentally, physically
Dangers of Spring Skiing
How to load your skis on/in your car
How to carry your Ski Boots
How to put Ski Boots on
How to practice walking around and upstairs in your Ski boots
What kind of Socks to wear
Elevation and Altitude – how it effects you
Inbound and Out-of-bounds at a Ski Resort – Safety Concerns
What to wear for Spring skiing – how the differs from winter skiing
Dangers of not wearing much clothing
Staying on runs that are right for you
What a GREEN circles means
What a BLUE square means
What a BLACK diamond means
How to use your poles
What to bring with you when skiing
Difference between Winter and Spring Snow
Skiing in Powder
Skiing in snowpack
Skiing in Icy Conditions
Exercises to do to get you in shape for skiing
How to stretch out before hitting the slopes
Learning about wind chill factor and how that will effect you
How to find out current temperatures on the mountain and recent snow fall
Two ways to ski on FLAT surface snow – getting to a chair lift for example
How to get on a Ski lift
How to get off a Ski lift
How to stay safe while riding on a ski lift
Which buckles are most important on the boot
How to get your skis on
How to get out of your skis
How to get big clumps of snow off of your boots so you can get your skis on
What to do before going down a hill
How to avoid peer pressure when friends want to take you on a run that is over your head
How to avoid trees
How to avoid avalanches
How to snowplow
How to Hockey Stop
How to “Push and Roll”
How to ski with a Rhythm
Features on my Favorite Skis
Features on my Boots
Why the edges on your skis are so important
How to propel out of a turn
How to control your speed on a steep hill or any hill
How to roll your skis
How to stop – Hockey Stop or snow plow
How to be aware of other skiers and snowboarders around you
How to ski free
Skiing on a weekday vrs. weekend – pros and cons
How to meet new people while you are skiing
How to keep your posture upright
How to avoid the most common injury while skiing – fatigue
How to deal with altitude sickness
How to know when to quit skiing
Dealing with different snow conditions – how to adjust
Snow in the shade vrs. snow in direct sunlight
How to get the cheapest season pass


Script/Outline: How to Teach Children Theater

Why is Children’s Theater Important
Picking a Story
Kids (ages & personality differences)
Sneaking in Education
Communicate with Parents
Respect for the other actors
Make the Play Playful
Warn children of any surprises
Give them the opportunity to grow
Stage Voice
Body Language
Self talk (I’m excited vs nervous)
Listening to others
Where to find costumes
Technical points for kids to know
Fight scenes
Emotional Scenes
Curtain Calls
Praising & redirecting (encourage good, plant other options of choices)
Let the kids be the star


Script/Outline: How to Whiten Your Teeth

Who whitens teeth
Why do you
Where do i start
Who can help me
How much $
What types of tehniques
In office bleaching
Whitining strips
Take home trays
Gets molds
How much time until trays are finished
Pick up trays and ask questions
Put in a place to remember them
Use every day for 30 min - 1 hour
Slow down frequency
Use floride
Improve confidence
Share with others


Script/Outline: How to Prepare a 2 - 6 yr old for Competitive Sports

Benefits of getting a young child ready for sports
The A, B, C’s of Physical Fitness
How to get started – find children, start out small
Why use props
Which props to use
Soccer Ball
Jump Rope
Hula Hoop
Little Colorful Balls
Using fun Music
Favorite Dances – Bunny Hop, Hokey Pokey
Where to find props for cheap
Games for Hand Eye Coordination
Games for Hand Foot Coordination
How to work w/ a 2 year old
How to praise a child
How to motivate a child to do more
How to motivate a child to obey you
How to be safe

Script/Outline: How to Ride a Zipfy - a European Mini Luge

What is a Zifpy
Benefits of riding a Zipfy.
Why it’s important to learn HOW to ride a zipy
Why you would want to ride a zipfy.
What you should wear when riding a zipfy
Different types of hills to ride a zipfy on –
Ice Hills – pros and cons
Sand Hills – pros and cons
Deep Powder Snow Hills – pros and cons
Packed snow Hill – pros and cons
Grass Hill – pros and cons
Where did the Zipfy came from
Who can ride a zipfy
How to sit on a Zipy
Where to store a Zipfy
What colors do they come in?
How much do they cost
Where do you buy one
What is it made from
Different Techniques to use while riding the zipfy
How old should you be to ride a zipfy
How big do you need to be – weight wise?
How steep does the hill need to be to ride on?
What is the best way to sit on a Zipfy
What shape is the Zipfy patterned after?
How do you have the MOST fun on a Zipfy – by having Parties!
Can you take a Zipfy in water?
How long have Zipfys been around?
Where do you store it?
How do you carry it?
How much does it weigh?
Safety factors when riding a Zipfy – stay away from rocks
How many Zipfys can you put in a car? Unlike inner tubes or sleds, you can put several Zipfys in a Car – about 24 or more
What to bring when you go Zipfy Riding
Can 2 or more people ride together?
Can you hold hands going down a hill?
What else can you do on a Zipfy – Racing – Go Professional!
Downhill Slalom and Freestyle Racing

Script/Outline: How to Ride a Trikke

What is a Trikke
Benefits of riding a Trikke
HOW do you ride a Trikke
Why is it fun to ride a Trikke – not many are found in Utah – it’s a novelty and a great workout
What you should wear when riding a Trikke – basic gear
How to ride a Trikke on different types of surfaces
Down Hill – pros and cons
Up Hill – pros and cons
Flat surface – pros and cons
What types of surfaces are best – smooth cement, no rocks, leaves, branches, cracks, asphalt, wide surface is better than a narrow, etc.
Where can you get a Trikke
Who can ride a Trikke
How do you stand on a Trikke
How does it fold up in your car?
Where do you store a Trikke?
What are the dangers of riding a Trikke
How much do they cost?
Where do you ride your Trikke?
What is it made from?
Different Techniques to use while riding the Trikke. Long stroke, short strokes
Do you have to be in good physical condition to ride a Trikke?
How big or small do you need to be – weight/height wise
How can you have fun riding with others or do you just ride a lone?
What kind of weather can you ride a Trikke in?
How long have Trikkes been around?
How long have I had my Trikke?
How do you carry it?
How much does it weigh?
Safety factors when riding a Trikke
How many Trikkes can you put in a car?
What to bring when you ride a Trikke.
Can 2 or more people ride together?
Is there more advanced Trikke Riding than just the casual riding?

Script/Outline: How to Enjoy Walking/Hiking in the Winter

Sheryl’s Bio:
Sheryl is a Hiking Tour Guide in Utah and has lead hundreds of hikes every week throughout the year since February 2003. Whether it’s zero or 110 degrees, rain, snow, wind or sunshine, she’ll be doing what she loves the most - leading outdoor enthusiasts into the Wasatch Mountains just minutes from Salt Lake City, Utah.

How to Enjoy Walking or Hiking in the Winter

Here in Utah, you might be surprised to see HOW MANY people LOVE hiking, walking and snowshoeing in all types of cold weather. We do it every day around our neighborhoods and in the mountains and absolutely LOVE IT!

Speaking from personal experience: I hike at least 3 – 4 times every week in the winter – generally around 3 - 4 hours per day and haven’t been sick at all for several years since I’ve been doing it. I don’t experience depression, winter blues or cabin fever. I get more done and feel happy and energized!

Physical Conditioning – Consult your physician if you are new to exercise like walking very much or hiking.

How to get started: Stay close to home. Practice walking around your block in the beginning. Test your clothing out. See how well you stay warm when you are out in the weather for 10 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, etc.

When should you go:
For more daylight, Start a little later around 9 or 10 am since the days are shorter. Remember it gets dark by 4:30 or 5 pm. After December 21st the days begin to grow longer until July.
Winter Moonlight Hikes/walks – 6 – 9 pm, It’s not very dark with all the snow on the ground and so beautiful outside.

Winter mountain hiking conditions
Here in Utah, MANY people are always up in the mountains walking on snowpacked trails in even 0 degrees or colder.
It’s amazing how many people love to get out in the winter cold weather.

What is a snowpacked trail?

What is a single-track trail?

Types of snow to avoid unless you are prepared:
Deep Snow - unless you have snowshoes and proper gear.
Icy trails – Heating and cooling during the day from the Sun - You need yak trax and good common sense, we’ll talk more about Yak Trax
Muddy Trails – Can be very slippery unless frozen

What are YAK TRAX and why do you need them? Ice, black ice
Why do you need poles to walk/hike with? Flat light, sprained ankles

WHY should you get outside in the winter?
Depression and Winter Blues – Feeling like a shut in makes you sick, irritable, depressed, angry
White snow makes you feel SO good. – Feel like a kid again and enjoy the snow
Fresh air – even if it’s cold – makes you feel great!
You can also wear the same type of clothing you wear outside, INSIDE to stay warmer if you like

Urban Walks – You don’t even need to leave the city. Some of our favorite winter hikes or walks are not up in the mountains but downtown SLC – day or night. We pick several places to walk to throughout the city – in our case we start at a large outdoor, then over to our largest tourist attraction, Temple Square, then over to TV Station then an Outdoor Ice-Rink, then to the new SLC Library where we walk up 5 flights of stairs to the top of the Library then back down and work our way back. In all, we cover about 3.5 miles in about 2 hours. It’s a great way to get to know a section of your city that you would never see zooming past in a car. Here in SLC it’s a LOT of fun and very safe.

How to Understand Mountain Temperatures in the Winter:
Valley – Don’t judge the temperature for our hikes based on how you feel in your front yard.
Canyon Floor – always colder
Higher Altitudes above the valley floor and canyon floor – generally much warmer than canyon floor, can be as much as a 20 – 30 degree difference from the canyon road to the trails above the canyon floor/road.
SIDES of a Mountain - North-facing vrs south facing: – North-facing: colder w/ less sun, South-facing: warmer w/ more sun. Learn which trails are north-facing and which are south-facing. Many times we try to hike trails on North-facing slopes in the hottest part of the summer and hike trails on South-facing slopes in the coldest part of the winter.

How to keep your fingers warm – mittens, hand warmers, move to generate body heat – don’t stand still, keep hands dry, stay away from cotton, make friends with someone who is ALWAYS warm – hold their hand temporarily or switch to their warm gloves or mittens.

How to keep your toes warm – Toe warmers, stay dry, avoid cotton fabrics, wear smart wool socks, always bring an extra pair if you should get cold and/or wet, move and generate body heat

How to keep your whole body warm:
Just move! Moving will generate body heat. The hardest part of a walk or hike in the winter is the very beginning before you really get moving.
When you do start to move, try to move fast.
If you are walking with a group on a single track trail and they are walking to slow, be polite, let them know you need to pass them.
Get your blood pumping as soon as possible and you’ll notice a HUGE difference for the rest of the hike.

Why is Controlling your Thoughts so important when you are outside:
You will be cold at first. Plan on it.
Don’t be tempted to go into NEGATIVE MODE: That’s when you start seeing ONLY the negative in everything around you and it actually makes it worse for not only you but for everyone around you. You feel like whining, complaining, moaning and groaning, woe is me!
Instead tell yourself “I can do hard things”, “I’m a tough person.” Think positive thoughts and you’ll be amazed how much easier it gets real fast.
Realize it’s only temporary. Once you get moving it gets a lot better. Standing around for very long is the most difficult part of winter hiking.

What to bring on a walk or a hike:
Essentials – Water, healthy snacks, yak trax, sunglasses, hat, warm gloves, glove liners, Dress in layers - easy to peel off thin layered clothing, lightweight shoes or boots, thin face-mask, trekking poles, an extra pair of smart wool socks, lip balm, camera

What type of Clothes are best: – Nylon, synthetic types of fabric, Cotton is the WORST since it absorbs water, wicking light weight fabrics. In 0 degrees I walked/hiked in 3 layers of thinner pants: long underwear, and two other thin layered pairs of pants and was just fine. Dress LIKE AN ONION.

How to avoid getting wet when walking/hiking:
Water and moisture come from inside your clothes (like sweat and perspiration) and outside your clothes like from snow and rain. That’s why it’s critical to stay away from Cotton. You will become a SOGGY mess and if you are wet, you WILL be cold. If you wear clothes made from fabrics that keep your dry, you will be warm

Shoes – LIGHTWEIGHT boots or regular walking/hiking shoes. I use the same shoes for winter hiking that I do in the summer.

Purchasing gear and clothing for less
1) Know what to look for at Outdoor Recreational Stores like REI, etc.
2) Saving money on clothes: Check thrift stores, consignment shops or watch for sales
3) Here in Utah these stores have a wide variety and great selection of perfect winter clothing for very little money.
4) The key is to know what to look for before you begin to shop.
5) Know what kind of fabrics to look for and what kind to stay away from.
6) Ask the sales clerks about fabrics and types of clothes.
7) Get to know some of the popular outdoor clothing brands.

Water –
Keep it inside your backpack since it may freeze on you during a cold walk/hike.
Depending on how far you go, bring 2 liters of water. Always have plenty of water with you.
Don’t be fooled in thinking that your body doesn’t need to drink much water for winter hiking/walking.
It does and you will pay dearly if you don’t drink.
Bring a little extra for someone else you are walking/hiking with who might have underestimated the importance of drinking water.
We have rescued many people over the course of 5 years of winter hiking/walking because they didn’t bring or drink water on the trail.

Food –
Get in the habit of taking healthy food with you whereever you go
Whether on a hike or just stepping out the door.
Take a backpack with you - whether hiking, walking or not.
It helps you resist stopping at fast food restaurants/convenience stores and picking up expensive food that doesn’t have much nutritional value.
Pack whole grain cookies, granola bars, trail mix, fresh fruit, dried fruit, etc.
If you ever needed food in an emergency you would already be in the habit of having food with you
Help someone: even if you aren’t the one with problems, you may be in a position to help someone else out who doesn’t have any food or water.

Find someone to walk or hike with – it’s more fun and it’s safer.

How to start your own little hiking or walking group -

Transportation –

Parking concerns at trailheads – There isn’t as much room to park in the winter as there is in the summer because of where the snow plows push snow.

Carpooling w/ compatible hikers/walkers – Make sure you catch a ride with someone who is going to hike about as long as you do. Recently we’ve been having a few more challenges in this area OR just make sure that there are people going down sooner or later that you could catch a ride with.

Dangers and Hazards of Winter Hiking – KNOW A FEW BASICS - Avalanches, hypothermia, whiteouts, storms, know what is underneath the snow before you walk on it, frostbite,

Script/Outline: How to Snowshoe

How to Snowshoe

BIO: My name is Sheryl McGlochlin and I am a Hiking/Snowshoeing Tour Guide in Utah. Visit my website, CrazySheryl.com, to learn more about all the wild and crazy outdoor adventures we do.

 Benefits of snowshoeing – look great, feel better, no winter blues, less sickness, no depression, feel happy and rejuvenated just to name a few! Getting outdoors in the winter months will make you healthier – mentally, emotionally, physically and socially just to name a few. It’s a great workout without feeling like it. You get so caught up in the beauty of winter that you forget you are evening exercising. Snowshoeing burns a LOT of calories since it’s a great aerobic exercise.

 Warming up before you go -

 What kind of clothes to wear -

 Who should snowshoe? How old or young can you be and is it easier for men or women to snowshoe, how long should you snowshoe if it’s your first time out. If you can walk, you can snowshoe.

 Where do you go to snowshoe? You can snowshoe in a park, on a school playground, on a hill, in the mountains, etc. Stay w/ places you are familiar with. I hike these same trails in the summer, when there is no snow, so I know what is underneath me. We see people occasionally who are hiking in what they think is a big open meadow, when really it is a big lake – which may not be safe to be walking on.

 Types of snow to walk on: The difference between walking on hard-packed older snow and deeper soft powder snow.

 What kind of snowshoes to look for. – I love my MSR’s……

 What about weight? Does weight make a difference? Go to a store like REI or any outdoor recreation online store. They will show you what size you need that is appropriate for an adult or even a child.

 Most common mistakes: People wear TOO LONG of snowshoes for what they really need which makes it much harder to walk in and is completely unnecessary. They won’t stay with the sport that long since it’s not very easy or fun.

 Should you buy or rent snowshoes when you first start out, renting may be right for you. If you are not sure you will like the sport, then rent. Give yourself time to learn how to do it. Some people like to buy right away since that commits them into using their snowshoes. I rented for a while to see what kind of snowshoes I liked before buying them but we can help you solve that problem so you don’t have to rent for that reason. You can rent snowshoes for around $8 - $10 per day here in Utah.

 How do you put on snowshoes…..

 What kind of shoes do you wear with your snowshoes…

 How to condition your body before snowshoeing. Just walk! Walk up hills, downhills, level areas and try to walk outside to get acclimated to the weather. Stretch before and after.

 Why are poles an important part of snowshoeing. Think of yourself like a dog. You are more stable with 4 legs than 2. Poles help you balance better and avoid twisting or spraining your ankle on lumpy trails. Many times the snow is flat and you can’t see where there are lumps and bumps.

 Where to get poles without spending much money. I use the same poles for downhill skiing, snowshoeing and for hiking. Go to places like Play it Again Sports, Thrift Stores, and of course Outdoor Sports Retail shops, etc. Keep your eyes open at yard sales and garage sales during the year. I haven’t spent more than $10 for a pair of poles and they last a long time.

 What to look for when buying poles. The basket needs to be smaller and no open areas in the basket to get caught in bushes or tree branches. Bend you arm at a 45% angle and make sure they are long enough. There should be a finger mold on the handle so it’s easy to grip the handle.

 Simple snowshoeing skills you can practice close to home – before heading far from home practice using your snowshoes. Go to a local park or school or even in your own back yard. 1) Walk in snowshoes 2) Getting up when you fall down 3) Walk backwards 4) Sidestep 5) Running in snowshoes 6) Using your poles effectively.

 How to run with snowshoes on – Depending on how deep the snow is will depend on how easy it is to run in snowshoes – the deeper the snow, the harder it is to run. It’s a great workout though.

 How to walk in deep powder – Your poles will help you the most with balance when you are walking through deep powder snow. Utah has the best snow on earth! It’s light and powdery. You have to pick up your legs and keep your balance.

 How to walk on snow pack trails – When you are first starting out, practice on a snow packed area - NOT deeper snow.

 How to “break trail”. What does that mean? When you are in “virgin snow”, which is snow that is untouched and you are the first to walk through it, you are “breaking the trail” and can be HARD depending on how deep the snow is! The “trail breaker” must be a strong person with stamina since it can be tiring. If you are the second person in line - right behind the “trail breaker”, it is easier and even easier to walk if you are, for example, the 5th or 10th person in line walking behind the person breaking the trail. Take turns breaking trail and don’t make one person suffer through it all the time. Give them a rest and take turns.

 Snowshoeing on a single track trail. – This is a more narrow area and can be a little more difficult than walking in a wide area.

 What types of places in the mountains are safe to snowshoe? Snowshoe on easy hills or flat open areas away from steeper slopes or deep gulches packed with snow.

 Is it safe to snowshoe by yourself? Not a good idea. It’s best if you have at least one other person to go with you UNLESS you are close to home and in a populated, safe area.

 Dangerous places to snowshoe – Avalanche territory and what that means….

 My favorite places to snowshoe in Utah – Spruces, Jordan Pines, Millcreek Canyon, East Canyon and Kimball Junction and other places in nearby Park City IF you get a chance, you really need to come to Utah and experience the amazing snow! It’s generally a soft, dry snow. Not really wet, heavy or mushy.

 Things to bring with you when you are snowshoeing – Stop often and drink WATER and eat a healthy snack like trail mix. Bring sunglasses, camera, lip balm, lotion since Utah is dry, cell phone, and if you want a walkie talkie if you ever get separated from your group. We always carry a backpack with these items in it.

 How to care for snowshoes when you are not using them and how to store them. You can get a stuff sack and store your snowshoes. Don’t leave them laying around on the floor to be kicked around or for someone to step on them. They do have LOTS of spikes that would hurt someone who stepped on them. I hang them on a hook on my wall.

 AFTER snowshoeing: 1) Always clean your snowshoes off so the snow doesn’t melt and leave a big mess in your car. 2) Always stretch out AFTER you snowshoe to avoid sore muscles 3) Drink lots of water even after you snowshoe 4) We love to jump in a hot tub after snowshoeing or just a warm shower or bath to relax the muscles.

 How to carry your snowshoes – There are times on a hike when you won’t need to wear your snowshoes yet but you will need them. There are a few ways to carry them: on the end of your pole, on a bungie cord or in your backpack.

 Finding people to join you is critical if you want to be successful at it! How to find people to snowshoe with you. Start with your family, your extended family, any relatives, your neighborhood and your community. Put flyers out in the area stating: You are invited to Snowshoe with us! Contact:………….. Say “us” even though at first it may be just YOU. Everyone is looking for someone to do things with.

 How to find people to snowshoe with… Age doesn’t matter. Look for people who want to be more active, who have a love for the outdoors, who are generally happy people who are willing to try new things. AVOID people who moan, groan, complain, gripe, whine and are generally negative! Leave all those types of people home! To be successful you need to be around POSITIVE Thinking People.

 My favorite places to find snowshoes – For good used snowshoes: go to ksl.com, craigslist.org, snowlist.com OR for new shoes: rei.com, sierratradingpost.com, just to name a few

Have fun, be safe and get out there. To learn more, go to Crazysheryl.com!

Script/Outline: How To Load a Kayak on your Vehicle

How to Load a Kayak on Your Car

1. Why you have to think about this BEFORE you get a kayak

2. What are your options if you don’t have a car to load your kayak on to?

3. Benefits of having the right kind of car to load your kayak

4. HOW do you tie down a kayak

5. Why it is important to know the right way to load a kayak

6. What are the tools and equipment needed to load a kayak on your car

7. How to tell if the kayaks are on tight

8. Different types of cars or trucks to use

9. SUV’s – how we do it

10. How the weather plays a factor when a kayak is on top of your car – wind, etc.

11. What types of cars are best for loading a kayak on

12. Where do you get the equipment for securing a kayak on your car

13. How many people do you need to load a kayak

14. What kind of a bar do you need to secure on your car

15. How do the straps keep the kayak from moving around

16. What kind of straps do you use

17. What are the dangers of putting a kayak on your car

18. How much does each piece of equipment cost?

19. How far should you carry your Kayak on your car?

20. What are the straps made of?

21. Can you hurt your kayaks if you strap it down too tight?

22. Do you have to be in good physical condition to put a kayak on a car?

23. Do you have to be really tall to get a kayak on a car? No you are going to use a ladder

24. How can you kayak alone and do this by yourself? Get a smaller kayak

25. Do Kayaks weight a lot? Ocean Brand Kayaks don’t weigh that much which is why I like them so much.

26. You don’t need years of experience to start loading your own kayak.

27. How do you carry a kayak to your car?

28. Safety factors when loading a kayak.

29. How many Kayaks can you put on top of a car?

30. Where do you store the kayak roof mounts when you are not using them?

Script/Outline: How to Build a Campfire in the Snow in your Backyard

How to build a campfire, in the winter or snow,
in your backyard.

1. Benefits of a campfire – relaxing, brings people together, stay warm, eat and talk, acoustic guitar or a harmonica are popular musical instruments around a fire, soothing, etc.

2. Why it’s important to learn HOW to build a campfire: prepares you for an emergency, source of heat, a great alternative way to cook food, survival skills, helps you improve your camping skills

3. Why you would want or need to build a fire in your BACKYARD: warmth, survival, improving camping skills or emergency purposes.

4. What you should and should NOT wear when building a fire: gloves, no loose clothing, clothing that can’t be replaced since hot ashes can jump out and put a hole in your clothes, etc. Clothes you don’t want to smell smoky afterwards.

5. Campfire SMELL – some people don’t like campfires because they smell like smoke.

6. People who should NOT be near a fire – people who have been drinking, especially little children, people who like to play games with fire and don’t respect fire, etc.

7. Type of Wood to use – Any type of wood will burn,

8. Types of Wood NOT to use: lumber w/ nails, treated wood,

9. Types of matches or fire starters – starter fluid, gas,

10. How much wood to bring

11. Where to store fuels

12. Types of kindling – newspaper, dried grass, pine needles

13. How much wood should you store?

14. Where to store wood – using a tarp to cover it, big plastic bin,

15. How to cut the wood and how big of pieces should you cut the wood into?

16. What is the best way to stack wood

17. How do you find out if it’s legal to start a fire in your own community or backyard? Talk with a fire department in your community.

18. Types of objects that are used to contain a fire: 55 gal barrel cut in half, end of a propane tank, rocks, big tire rim, etc.

19. What are the requirements of a container? It needs to be something that won’t burn, keeps the fire contained, keeps people out of the fire space

20. Why you need a container – a fire can spread easily without a container

21. Basic Supplies needed to start a fire: fire source like matches or a lighter, kindling, wood,

22. Other helpful tools – shovel, ax, screen, pie tin, water container

23. Portable supply kit – ax, shovel, wedge, matches, kindling, newspaper, water container, pie tin for fanning, etc.

24. Why paper will not keep a fire going -

25. Safety factors to consider before starting a fire: nearby surroundings,

26. To do list before STARTING a fire: clean out fire pit, clean out snow, get all supplies together, check your surroundings, make sure you are able to put it out once you get it started, make sure you have the time to start a fire and to stay with it AND put it out. You can’t start it and leave it.

27. Things to do before LEAVING a fire: clean up mess, put out the fire w/ dirt or water, smother the fire completely.

28. How to keep the fire going, maintain, fanning,

29. Identifying the “hottest” part of the fire

30. How to cook food in a campfire - using coals off the to the side

31. How to cook common foods like roasting marshmallows, cooking hot dogs and hobo dinners in a campfire,

Script/Outline: How To Prepare to Hike the Swiss Alps

How to Prepare to Hike the Swiss Alps

Switzerland –most democratic country in the world, one of highest standards of living – one of most environmentally friendly – But for hikers, the appeal is scenery - one of the most beautiful countries in the world

Getting in shape physically to hike the Alps – If you can hike the Wasatch Mtns, you can hike the Alps.

Climate: Humid? Dry? Raining? Muddy?

Hiking a way of life in the Alps

History, culture, traditions, Heidi story

What makes Switzerland one of the best hiking destinations in the world?

When to go – great year round destination, but snow blocks most of high mountain passes into July. –Best hiking is in July and August, and even the first couple weeks of September, long days

Packing, electrical conversion

Getting there – flights, airports, fares

Ground transportation (Trains, private transportation, postbus, rental car, etc.)
Swisspass, Swiss card

Currency exchange, Swiss franc, doing business,

Where to stay (hotels, mountain huts, hostels)

What to wear (layers, hat, jacket), Raingear, Shoes, Trekking poles
Navigation (GPS, Compass, Maps, guidebooks)

Local terms (alpenweg, bergweg)

Mountain transportation (gondolas, funicular, tram, lift, cogwheel railway)

Dayhikes vs trekking

Elevation gains, distances, length of day, typical day

Picking your route, (uphill, down, length, preferred destination, lakes, views, etc)

Hiking Regions (Pennine Alps, Jungfrau )

Hiking Centers: Zermatt , Grindelwald, Arolla, Murren, Wengen, Lauterbrunnen

Sample hike 1– Gorner Glacier / Sample hike 2 – Eiger trail

Other activities (mountaineering, cycling, paragliding, whitewater rafting)

Other sights (Trummelbach falls, Staubbach falls, Jungfraujoch, Festivals, cowfights, cheese, pastry)

Script/Outline: How To Kayak

How to Kayak

1. White water vrs. Flat Water Kayaking

2. Different types of Flat Water Kayaks – Sit on top and this is the one we’re talking about today.

3. Benefits of a Sit on top Kayak.

4. Benefits of Kayaking – upper body strength

5. HOW do you paddle a kayak

6. Kayaking vrs. A motor boat – we have both – each has its qualities

7. Why is it fun to Kayak – peaceful, quiet, close to the water, see down into the water

8. What you should wear when kayaking – basic gear

9. How to Kayak in different types of weather

10. How to Kayak on different types of water – lake, ocean, river

11. What types of water are BEST for kayaking

12. Where can you rent a Kayak

13. Where can you buy a new Kayak

14. How much do they cost

15. Can you get them used

16. Who can kayak

17. How do you sit in a kayak

18. What about water safety and life jackets?

19. Where do you store a Kayak

20. What about the weather conditions when you are kayaking

21. What are the dangers of kayaking

22. Where are my favorite places to kayak?

23. What is the Ocean Brand Kayak made out of?

24. What are other kayaks made from?

25. Different Techniques to use while paddling. Long stroke, short strokes

26. Do you have to be in good physical condition to kayak?

27. How big or small do you need to be – weight/height wise?

28. Do you kayak alone or always kayak with other people?

29. How do you carry a kayak?

30. How much does it weigh?

31. Safety factors when kayaking

32. How many kayaks can you carry on your car?

33. What to bring when you Kayak

34. Can 2 or more people be on one kayak?

Script/Outline: How To Bounce Your Way to Fitness

How to Bounce Your Way to Fitness w/ Trampoline Aerobics

1. Different sizes and shapes of Trampolines to use

2. Trampoline Safety – no more than 2 on a tramp

3. Benefits of Jumping on a Tramp

4. How to keep from getting bored – Jump w/ others, jump w/ music

5. HOW do you start jumping on a tramp, first thing to do.

6. Little tramps vrs big tramps - each has its qualities

7. What do you wear when you jump – always take off your shoes

8. How to play the add on game

9. How to do a sit, stand

10. How to do a figure eight or just a circle

11. What to do a knee, stand

12. Where can you buy a new tramp

13. Where can you buy a used tramp

14. What to look for if you buy a used tramp

15. How big of a tramp should you get

16. Should you put it in the ground or keep it on top of the ground

17. What about pads around the edge

18. How much do they cost

19. Who can jump on a tramp

20. How to do a sit, stand, knee, stand

21. How to do a stomach, stand

22. How to do a back, stand

23. How to do a back, stand, stomach, stand

24. Where do you store a Tramp

25. Do you have to take it down during the winter months – no but don’t let tons of snow accumulate on the tramp

26. Don’t jump on a tramp when it’s wet or beware – it will be very slippery

27. What are the dangers of jumping on a tramp

28. What is a trampoline made out of? Polypropylene

29. What to do with your hands

30. Jumping higher is more of a workout

31. Do you have to be in good physical condition to jump on a tramp?

32. How big or small do you need to be to jump on a tramp

33. What about kids – supervising children on a tramp

34. How to get on a tramp, how to get off a tramp

35. How to lay on your back and bounce – get stomach workout

36. How to move a tramp across your yard – don’t drag it

37. The benefits of having multiple tramps

38. Drink plenty of water